To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). [5], The city of Apamea was also destroyed by the earthquake and Beirut suffered significant damage. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. A great number of people died in the Roman city of Antioch, today Antakya in Hatay province in Turkey, and surrounding areas. 115 Antioch earthquake. [11], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. This panel was placed in the floor of a dining room which was redone shortly after the earthquake of 115 CE. Trajan made his way out through a window of the room in which he was staying. Saturday, February 5, 2011 The Earthquake of AD 115 First there came, on a sudden, a great bellowing roar, and this was followed by a tremendous quaking. Antioch on the Orontes was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. The Antioch Earthquake of 115 In 115, Antioch – Modern Antakya in Turkey – was a flourishing city and the Roman Empire’s third biggest metropolis after Rome and Alexandria. [5] He describes Antioch at that time as crowded with soldiers and many civilians that had travelled from all parts of the empire, because Trajan was wintering there. Also, the 1202 earthquake in the Levant which was supposed to have killed more than a million is not there either, since latest estimates are about 30,000 for this event. 6. Since the 6km long aqueduct running between Daphne’s springs and Antioch was seriously damaged, Trajan began the construction of a new aqueduct or repaired an existing one he had built earlier (see an image showing the masonry on the aqueduct of Trajan here). Soldiers and civilians were killed by falling debris while many others were trapped. Antiochia ad Orontem on the Tabula Peutingeriana. In response to an earthquake in AD 115 (known as the 115 Antioch earthquake), the Romans rebuilt Apamea with a typical Roman street grid system, and large public works such as … Antioch will be the start of my Hadrian1900 project. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. It shows the goddess, crowned with towers, seated on a rock, symbolic of Mount Silpius, with her feet resting on the river Orontes, depicted as a swimming youth. However I will make sure to visit the archaeological museum, which has one of the best collections of ancient mosaics in the world (see loads of beautiful images here). Saturday, February 5, 2011 The Earthquake of AD 115 [2], The site of Antioch lies close to the complex triple junction between the northern end of the Dead Sea Transform, the mainly transform boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, the southwestern end of the East Anatolian Fault, the mainly transform boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate, and the northeastern end of the Cyprus Arc, the boundary between the Anatolian and African Plates. 6. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Different sources give varying dates: 129, 131; 306 – tsunami on the Levantine coast. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. It was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. Candidate #1: 13 Dec 115 Syria. [9] Trajan had a copy of the statue of Tyche by Eutychides erected at the new theatre, to commemorate the rebuilding of the city. Image © Wikipedia author Cristian94. Since 1900, ∼90,000 people have lost their lives in 76 earthquakes, with a total affected population of ∼7 million and direct losses of ∼25 billion U.S. dollars (USD). Unfortunately nothing is reported on how Plotina, Trajan’s wife, or Hadrian managed but they obviously survived unscathed. [6] The harbour at Caeserea Maritima was probably destroyed by the tsunami, an interpretation based on the dating of a half metre thick tsunami deposit found outside the harbour. The previous quake in 115 AD killed approximately 260,000 people, this event killed at least a further 250,000 people. It occurred on 13 December 115 AD with an estimated magnitude of 7.5. Antioch earthquake ( 13 December 115 AD) – Rome The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. [4], An account of the earthquake was included by the writer Cassius Dio in his Roman History. Trajan survived and escaped with only minor injuries but was forced to take shelter in the circus as the aftershocks continued for several days (see an aerial photo of circus of Antioch here). Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. The most vivid description of the catastrophe came from the Roman historian Cassius Dio. 6. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. 11 Biggest Earthquakes around the World 1138 Aleppo earthquake 115 Antioch earthquake 1303 Hongdong earthquake 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 1780 Tabriz earthquake 1920 Haiyuan earthquake … 被害. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. An earthquake -and a big one- struck Antioch in Roman Syria on December 13, 115 AD. It was founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. She was a goddess who presided over the prosperity of the city, bringing hope and good fortune to its citizens. It owed its success to its location at the end of a road linking the Mediterranean with Mesopotamia and Persia, making Antioch a trade hub between […] See the bottom of each page for copyright information. Much of Apamea was destroyed in the 115 AD earthquake, but was subsequently rebuilt. After multiple shocks in southern California during the 4th of July weekend in 2019, 24/7 Wall St. has ranked the worst and deadliest quakes of all-time. [4] The tsunami triggered by the earthquake affected the Lebanese coast, particularly at Caeserea and Yavneh. Two massive earthquakes in Antioch (today Antakya) in CE 115 and 526 reportedly claimed more than 500,000 lives. Mosaic of the Judgment of Paris, 115 – 150 CE. Byzantine Empire 260,000 The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. This page was last modified on 16 May 2016, at 03:42. One of the most prominent victim was the consul ordinarius Marcus Pedo Vergilianus. この地震による被害は極めて壊滅的であり、死者数は260,000人に達し、世界でも史上稀に見る深刻な地震災害となった。 The Roman Emperor Trajan was caught in the earthquake, as was his successor Hadrian. Antioch itself lay on the Anatolian plate and had a history of recurring earthquakes which damaged the buildings and fabric of the metropolis, including one in AD 115 while the Emperor Trajan himself was staying in the city before his ill- fated Parthian campaign. Many soldiers, including members of the imperial entourage perished. Individual pages signify the copyright for the content on that page. to 1900 A.D.", "The tsunami of 13 December A.D. 115 and the destruction of Herod the Great's harbor at Caeserea Maritima, Israel", https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=115_Antioch_earthquake&oldid=720489044, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Ez a szócikk részben vagy egészben a(z) 115 Antioch earthquake című angol Wikipédia-szócikk Az eredeti cikk szerkesztőit annak laptörténete sorolja fel. Blog: Antiochepedia (Musings Upon Ancient Antioch) by Christopher Ecclestone (. The aftershocks that followed the earthquake for several days killed some of the survivors, while others that were trapped died of hunger. In 115 Roman Emperor Trajan was at war with Parthia. According to the 6th century CE chronicler John Malalas, a native from Antioch, Trajan commemorated the rebuilding of the city by erecting a gilded copy of the Tyche of Eutychides in the theatre. It is currently partly covered by the modern city of Antakya (Turkey). Roman culture added to the city’s luxury with a forum, an amphitheatre, baths, a hippodrome, a theatre, a great colonnaded street (Via Triumphalis) and an aqueduct carrying water to fountains, public buildings and villas. 115 Antioch earthquake. Some content is licensed under a Creative Commons license, and other content is completely copyright-protected. Both disasters devastated the city of Antioch, leaving some 260,000 and 250,000 people dead, respectively. Whole trees were thrown into the air, as were many of the inhabitants, causing great injury. Antioch eventually rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and played a particularly strong role in the late Empire. The most renowned sculpture of Tyche was a bronze statue by the Greek sculptor Eutychides, a pupil of Lysippos, created for the city of Antioch in the early 3rd century BCE, the best extant version of which is in the Vatican Museum (see below). The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. While the emperor was tarrying in Antioch a terrible earthquake occurred; many cities suffered injury, but Antioch was the most unfortunate of all. Destroyed Antioch and said to have killed 260,000. But there are some others that need to be considered. The Tyche of Antioch. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! On December 13th, 115, the city of Antioch in the Roman province of Syria, modern Antakya in Turkey, was rocked by an extremely intense earthquake that caused widespread devastation and high loss of life in the region, destroying not only Antioch, but also the nearby city of Apamea, and inflicting significant damage upon Beirut as well. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. About 400 years later , in 526 AD, another major earthquake struck near Antioch… 115 Antioch earthquake. The ancient city stood on the eastern side of the Orontes River. In 115 AD, during Trajan's travel there during his war against Parthia, the whole site was convulsed by a huge earthquake. Zemětřesení 115 Antioch došlo dne 13. prosince 115 našeho letopočtu. It was discovered in 1932 in Antioch in the Atrium House. Large numbers of people were killed by falling debris, while many others were trapped. 115年のアンティオキア地震(115 Antioch earthquake)は、ローマ帝国時代の西暦115年12月13日の早朝に、アンティオキア付近で発生したマグニチュード(M)7.5の大地震 。. The area has been affected by many large earthquakes during the last 2,000 years. The ancient city stood on the eastern side of the Orontes River. Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. 115 Antioch earthquake. 115 Antioch Earthquake. DURING the second year of the reign of Leo, an extraordinary shock and concussion of the earth took place at Antioch, preceded by certain excesses of the populace, which reached the extreme of frenzy, and surpassed the ferocity of beasts, forming, as it were, a prelude to such a calamity. The city was thriving and was known as the “Queen of the East.” At the time of the earthquake of 115 CE Antioch had a population of about 500,000. But there are some others that need to be considered. Ez a jelzés csupán a megfogalmazás eredetét jelzi, nem szolgál a cikkben szereplő információk forrásmegjelöléseként. It struck during late May, probably between 20–29 May, at mid-morning, killing approximately 250,000 people. Candidate #1: 13 Dec 115 Syria. Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. In 115 AD, during Trajan's travel there during his war against Parthia, the whole site was convulsed by a huge earthquake. Tyche was the patron deity of Antioch. Also, the 1202 earthquake in the Levant which was supposed to have killed more than a million is not there either, since latest estimates are about 30,000 for this event. In his Roman History (Book LXVIII), he described how Antioch was crowded at the time of the earthquake due to the emperor Trajan overwintering within the city. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The 115 AD Antioch earthquake Antioch on the Orontes was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. The population of Antioch was reduced to less than 400,000 inhabitants and many sections of the city were abandoned. The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. 115 – 115 Antioch earthquake; Yavne and Caesarea are hit by a tsunami; 130 – strong earthquakes affect among other places Caesarea, Lydda and Emmaus. In addition to the completion of the repairs done on the aqueduct, Malalas records the building of a theatron (a theatre-like water reservoir that may have resembled the Hadrianic reservoir at Zaghouan, as suggested by Richard H. Chowen) and a Temple of the Nymphs at the springs of Antioch’s suburb Daphne which contained a great statue of Hadrian. As Trajan did not live to finish the project, work on the aqueduct was completed by Hadrian. Antioch itself lay on the Anatolian plate and had a history of recurring earthquakes which damaged the buildings and fabric of the metropolis, including one in AD 115 while the Emperor Trajan himself was staying in the city before his ill- fated Parthian campaign. Ignatius was finally sent to Rome, to receive there a welcome martyrdom in 116; Christians in Antioch did not cease to increase, and earthquakes … 526 AD. They escaped with only slight injuries and later began a program to rebuild the city. Hadrian had been in Syria since January 114 CE as imperial legate (envoy to the emperor), and as such, had taken up residence in Antiochia ad Orontem (Antioch on the Orontes). Antioch eventually rivaled Alexandria as the chief city of the Near East and played a particularly strong role in the late Empire. The whole earth was upheaved, and buildings leaped into the air; some were carried aloft only to collapse and be broken in pieces, while others were tossed this way and that as if by the surge of the sea, and overturned, and the wreckage spread out over a great extent even of the open country. It triggered a local tsunami that badly damaged the harbour at Caesarea Maritima. Fordítás. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. The city lies on the Antakya Basin, part of the Amik Basin, filled by Pliocene-to-recent alluvial sediments. 115, Antioch Earthquake. Soon after the earthquake, Trajan started to restore the city. 115 Antioch Earthquake. [3], The results of trenching over the northern part of the Dead Sea Transform indicate that three major earthquakes have occurred along the Missyaf segment of the fault since about 100 AD, the earliest of which may correlate with the 115 earthquake. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Trajan had returned from a campaign in Armenia when disaster struck in the morning of December 13th of 115 CE. To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. In total 260,000 are said to have died during or in the aftermath of this event. He remained  in the city until September 117 when he set out to reach Rome. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. In the year 115, Antioch suffered one of its most violent earthquakes that almost took the life of Trajan and Hadrian who were wintering in the city during the conquest of Mesopotamia (read more here). Nashville Fire crews battled the … Vergilianus was killed early in his tenure by an earthquake in Antioch. He then painted a dramatic picture of the destruction witnessed by the population. Exactly 1900 years ago¹, Hadrian survived a violent and devastating earthquake while wintering in Antioch during Trajan’s campaign in the east. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. Here then is a prime example of hubris getting the better of knowledge. The earthquake began with a loud roaring sound, followed by intense shaking of the ground. Death toll: around 260,000. [Index to Global Quake Risk special section][1] Turkey has been the site of devastating earthquakes. Antioch has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 13 earthquakes in the past 7 days; 38 earthquakes in the past 30 days; 324 earthquakes in the past 365 days It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. In response to an earthquake in AD 115 (known as the 115 Antioch earthquake), the Romans rebuilt Apamea with a typical Roman street grid system, and large public works such as … Because of the danger from aftershocks, he moved with his retinue to the open hippodrome. To měl odhadnutou velikosti 7,5 na velikost přízemní vlny měřítku a odhadované maximální intenzitu XI ( Extreme) na stupnici intenzity Mercalli. Our logo, banner, and trademark are registered and fully copyright protected (not subject to Creative Commons). "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Antakya Basin Strong Ground Motion Network", "Evidence for 830 years of seismic quiescence from palaeoseismology, archaeoseismology and historical seismicity along the Dead Sea fault in Syria", "The historical earthquakes of Syria: an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. Antioch and the surrounding areas are devastated with significant human and material losses. Image © Carole Raddato. Chowen, Richard H. “The Nature of Hadrian’s Theatron at Daphne”. 363 – the Galilee earthquake. On December 13, 115 CE an unusually strong earthquake took place in Antioch, which caused enormous damage to the Roman province. Since Trajan was passing the winter there and many soldiers and many civilians had flocked thither from all sides in connexion with law-suits, embassies, business or sightseeing, there was no nation of people that went unscathed; and thus in Antioch the whole world under Roman sway suffered disaster. Byzantine Empire 250,000-300,000. On December 13, 115 CE an unusually strong earthquake took place in Antioch, which caused enormous damage to the Roman province. Vergilianus was killed early in his tenure by an earthquake in Antioch. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin, Cassius Dio was there at that time. It was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. Trajan managed to get clear of the house he was staying in by leaving through a window and only suffered minor injuries. The 115 CE Antioch earthquake. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. Turkey is located in a seismically active zone and often suffers from powerful earthquakes. Caravans from Asia Minor, Persia, India traveled through the city where exchanges on a large scale were conducted. The city served as headquarters for the Parthian wars. The aftershocks that followed the earthquake for several days killed some of the survivors, while others, trapped in collapsed buildings, died of starvation. The earthquake in the Orontes valley, of an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the Moment Magnitude scale (MMS), almost totally destroyed Antioch, Daphne and four other ancient cities including Apamea. The maximum intensity in Antioch is estimated to be between VIII (Severe) and IX (Violent) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Now in the Louvre, Paris. One year and eight months after the earthquake, on August 11 of 117 CE, Hadrian was proclaimed emperor by the army in Antioch. Map of Antioch in Roman and early Byzantine times. In 115 Roman Emperor Trajan was at war with Parthia. The 526 Antioch earthquake hit Syria (region) and Antioch in the Byzantine Empire in 526. [10] Almost all of the mosaics that have been found in Antioch date from after the earthquake. The earthquake was followed by a fire that destroyed most of the buildings left standing by the earthquake. Casualties: 10 dead, 12 injuredOn April 11, 2012, at 15:38 local time, a huge undersea earthquake occurred at the west of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. EARTHQUAKE AT ANTIOCH. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. After Rome conquered Syria in 64 BCE, the city became a Roman stronghold. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Initially, authorities feared that the earthquake would cause a tsunami and warnings were issued across the Indian Ocean; however, these warnings were subsequently canceled.It was the largest strike-slip earthquake ever reco… There is a case of a major city being hit by a powerful, destructive quake, but as fortune had it, a god was visiting at the time and escaped shocked, but with only minor injuries. In the year 115 a severe earthquake hit Antioch, and the pagans publicized as the cause the spread of the Christian religion, which had angered the gods. Antioch on the Orontes was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. The earthquake that caused the most deaths in Anatolian geography was the Antioch earthquake in 115. Marble, Roman copy after a Greek bronze original by Eutychides of the 3rd century BCE. [7], The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. It was felt all over the near East and the Eastern Mediterranean up to Rhodos and triggered a tsunami that hit the harbour city of Caesarea Maritima in Judea. It caused a great loss of life and property in Antioch and its surroundings. Antioch Earthquake. About 1,900 years ago, in 115 AD, a major earthquake in Antioch killed around 200,000 people. Brewminate uses Infolinks and is an Amazon Associate with links to items available there. The two deadliest quakes in the country occurred in 115 AD and 526 AD. Like his predecessor, Hadrian improved the water supply to Antioch. Soon after the disaster Trajan started to restore the city. The ancient city stood on … NASHVILLE, Tennessee (WSMV) — A fire at an extended-stay hotel on Antioch Pike late Tuesday night has displaced 115 people. Proceeds are donated to charity. Image by Jastrow (2006) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons. Affects or is felt in Caesarea, Tiberias, Jerusalem. Its location destined Antioch to be a mixture of diverse cultures as well as a trading centre. Destroyed Antioch and said to have killed 260,000. Antioch a okolních oblastí byl zpustošen s velkým ztrátám na životech a majetku. Unfortunately, not much is left to see of ancient Antioch. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. Some being, of greater than human stature, had come to him and led him forth, so that he escaped with only a few slight injuries; and as the shocks extended over several days, he lived out of doors in the hippodrome. And as Heaven continued the earthquake for several days and nights, the people were in dire straits and helpless, some of them crushed and perishing under the weight of the buildings pressing upon them, and others dying of hunger. 7.5 on the Orontes was one of the House he was staying get clear the... City became a Roman stronghold via Wikimedia Commons exactly 1900 years ago¹, Hadrian survived a and. 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