By creating an open and supportive environment where victims feel able to disclose the abuse they are suffering, school nurses may save a victim’s life. The site also provides a toolkit for professionals. If you are the first point of contact, then you need to ensure that you see the person immediately and that the meeting takes place in a safe and private environment. Risk Assessment – As a professional, your agency should already have a bespoke HBA and FM risk assessment framework in place. Forcing someone to marry is a serious abuse of human rights and a form of domestic abuse. Amani didn’t have her passport, but staff could issue an Emergency Travel Document for her to return to the UK. Fire Safety Training for Fire Wardens. Farzana’s story is all too common. Managing cases of Forced Marriage and Honour Based Abuse is all about managing risk and getting the risk assessment spot on. It can be a powerful form of legal protection for victims which does not require them to enter the criminal justice system. Amani is now living in the UK with her children and is safe and well. If victims have already travelled overseas for a forced marriage, we will work with our network of Embassies and High Commissions around the world to help them return to the UK. You should gather all the relevant information and carry out initial actions, including: If a person fears being taken abroad for Forced Marriage, where at all possible obtain the information below and provide the following advice: Overseas Assistance – For British nationals or, in certain circumstances EU or Commonwealth nationals, British Embassies and High Commissions through the FCO can provide aid. From shop HollowGroveDesigns. Freedom Charity – a charity supporting victims of FM and FGM. learn more . We can talk the victim through their options and help them make their own choice. Alone in an unfamiliar country and threatened by her own parents. An estimated 37 per cent of victims living in forced marriage were children at the time the marriage took place. The existing civil route of a FMPO will remain open to give victims a choice about how they want to be assisted. They may be about to travel on a planned “family holiday” or moving overseas which may be a cover story for a forced marriage. obtain the date of the proposed wedding and location (if known). victims appear to be dominated – subject to financial control, no access to mobile phone, internet etc. establish who else within the family may also require safeguarding. Child Protection Training. Some signs to watch out, both pre and post marriage. Democratic Republic of the Congo - 1,300,000, where the family perceive that the victim’s behaviour is starting to disgrace the family honour, where an older child refuses to marry, a younger child may be forced sooner than usual to fulfil the original contract and preserve the family honour, disclosing rape or sexual abuse (being raped may be deemed a bring disgrace to the family and honour can be restored if the victim is married), the death of one parent leaving the remaining parent or elder family members feeling more pressure to ensure that the children are quickly married off, a young person who comes out as being lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT), the family may feel that by forcing the individual into marriage either their sexuality or gender identity will not be questioned, a young person with learning difficulties where the parent will seek out a spouse to care for the victim, a family looking for a long-term carer for a relative with a disability. Has the marriage already taken place or is the marriage impending? Although heartbreaking, there are certain signs of a failing marriage, which when ignored will definitely lead to a dissolution of the relationship. We will feature some of these methods in our forthcoming Honour Based Abuse article. In certain countries where it is safe to do so, we can conduct a rescue of the victim from where they are being held with the support of local authorities. They may be about to travel on a planned “family holiday” or moving overseas which may be a cover story for a forced marriage. The advice below is drawn from this guidance. Signs You Are In A Forced Relationship – 8 Sneaky Signals. The fact that a victim was forced to marry may only reveal itself years after the marriage has taken place. Consular staff accompanied Amani and her children to the airport and made sure she boarded the plane safely. Where possible the Interpreter should have had some training in FM and HBA. We can obtain a FMPO to mandate that they be brought back to the UK or to the nearest British Embassy or High Commission. IKWRO – Iranian & Kurdish Women’s Rights Organisation, Southall Black Sisters – Support for BME Women escaping Domestic Violence, 020 8571 0800 - www.southallblacksisters.org.uk, Ashiana – Supporting Asian women through DV and FM. It must be made clear to the companion that confidentiality is key. If one of you has already given up on the other, there’s nothing the other can do. Contact us – Terms and Conditions – Privacy, Safeguardinghub.co.uk ©2017-2020Address: 34 New House The FMU can be contacted on +44 (0) 20 7008 0151 or email  [email protected]. A majority of forced marriage victims are young people who are still at school and teachers and school nurses have a key role in helping to spot the warning signs. If the victim has already been forced into marriage, we can signpost them to help to seek a divorce or annulment of the marriage. If your parents or family don’t accept your decision and still make you go ahead with the marriage, this becomes a forced marriage. General practitioners, primary care nurses, accident and emergency nurses and social workers are often well placed to detect warning signs of Forced Marriage. persuade or send the victim back to their family where the victim has expressly said he/she cannot return. We have also launched a SmartPhone app which can be downloaded for free from Freedom Charity. She never went back to school in the UK, and remained trapped in an abusive relationship in Pakistan. Amani didn’t have her passport, but staff could issue an Emergency Travel Document for her to return to the UK. It provides advice for young people and professionals on how to spot the signs of a forced marriage and where they can go for help. Farzana’s story is all too common. The legislation will include forcing someone to marry in the UK or taking someone overseas to force them into marriage. Summer holidays are the peak time for young people to be taken overseas and forced into marriage. When they got to Somalia, Amani’s mum remarried and Amani was told she had to get married too. Amani was forced into marriage at 13 and had her first child at 14 and her second at 16. Point out that they will become isolated, may be kept under constant surveillance and chaperoned. Three quarters of the victims in cases where the age was known are young people aged under 25, with the majority of cases (82 per cent) involving a female victim. If victims have already travelled overseas for a forced marriage, we will work with our network of Embassies and High Commissions around the world to help them return to the UK. It takes enormous courage to ask for help after experiencing abuse, especially if the victim has been told they will bring shame on their family by doing so. A forced marriage differs from an arranged marriage, in which both parties presumably consent to the assistance of their parents or a third party such as a matchmaker in finding and choosing a spouse. We can help with safety planning or arrange safe accommodation for the victim, either through local foster care or in a refuge depending on their age. As part of our “right to choose” campaign last summer we made three short films telling victims’ stories. In some cases, the reason is that the victim is lesbian, gay or bisexual. Here are some of the things you can look out for in others that may signal a forced marriage, both before and after the marriage has taken place: Parents removing a child from education of from participating in extra-curricular activities for no reason; High levels of absenteeism from school… There may be noticeable deterioration in the victim’s self-esteem and appearance, the victim may run away, go missing from home or have a fear of returning home, the victim may talk about a family holiday abroad and may seem anxious about this, may fail to return home from a visit to the family’s country of origin, reports of self-harm or suicide attempts, particularly in the early stages of marriage, domestic incidents or crimes at the family home. Your spouse abuses you (verbally, emotionally or physically) attempt telephone contact with the person on the telephone to find out if they are being held against their will. We have also launched a SmartPhone app which can be downloaded for free from Freedom Charity. We can also support the school, police or children’s social care services in obtaining an FMPO. They could also issue travel documents for her children who were also British citizens. To establish whether forced marriage is a factor, school nurses in particular can ask open questions to help you identify risk factors – such as: All school staff should be aware that young people at risk are often strictly monitored by their parents. Victims also experience violence from their own family, their spouse and the spouse’s family. There are resources available from the FMU for this work. While forced marriage impacts both. Encouragement and support of your partner is important in any relationship. We define a forced marriage as “a marriage conducted without the valid consent of both parties, where duress is a factor”. Unless the victim indicates otherwise the interpreter and any other person in the room (appropriate adult) should be gender specific. has any form of abuse taken place and if so how has it manifested itself – physical, mental cruelty, threats, surveillance etc. Email [email protected], Places where Forced Marriage is practised. Farzana had no choice but to go through with the marriage. Alone in an unfamiliar country and threatened by her own parents. Powers of arrest can be attached to the order, and a breach can attract a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. This is especially important for young people, who may be worried that you will tell their parents what you have said. make direct contact with a British Embassy or overseas authorities without first liaising with the Forced Marriage Unit. Warnings signs to look out for if you believe someone you know is involved in honour based abuse. Amani is now living in the UK with her children and is safe and well. Raising awareness Schools can also help to raise awareness of forced marriage among students. However, this must be balanced with the victims wishes and it is better to get a disclosure with another person present, rather than the victim lose immediate confidence in you because you have excluded their ‘emotional crutch’. Case study: Amani Amani was a year 7 pupil at a school in Bristol when her mum told her she would be going to Somalia to visit relatives. Abuse in any relationship is never acceptable. We are currently developing legislation to make forcing someone to marry a criminal offence. They may have their documents, finances, mobile phone/tablets taken from them. We also recommend the Government publication Forced Marriage: A Survivors Handbook which covers a wide range of topics including, housing, visas, benefits, useful contacts. During this webinar, the Forced Marriage Initiative and Justice of the Peace Association provide tips for marriage officiants who may encounter cases of forced marriage, child marriage, or human trafficking in the course of their routine business. Some Signs That May Accompany a Forced Marriage You feel you do not or did not have a choice regarding whom to marry or when to marry You are experiencing or are being threatened with abandonment, isolation, or physical or emotional abuse if you do not marry or if you attempt to leave a marriage you did not consent to Inform them that once abroad their situation will become much more difficult for them to manage and for the authorities to act. The legislation will include forcing someone to marry in the UK or taking someone overseas to force them into marriage. A forced marriage is different from an arranged marriage, where although a third party (usually the parents) introduces the two spouses, the choice of whether or not to go through with the marriage remains with the spouses. The Forced Marriage Unit (FMU) is a joint Foreign and Commonwealth Office and Home Office unit which leads on the Government’s forced marriage policy, providing support to any individual, whether in the UK or overseas. In the most serious cases, the victim has been murdered after trying to escape – a so-called “honour” killing. By making students aware that forced marriage is a risk and that there is support available, schools can protect vulnerable young people from a life of abuse. These are available on our website or on YouTube and could be used as part of a lesson on forced marriage. I … Powers of arrest can be attached to the order, and a breach can attract a sentence of up to two years imprisonment. Professionals should be mindful that FM is complex and steeped in a community’s culture. We define a forced marriage as “a marriage conducted without the valid consent of both parties, where duress is a factor”. I have a distinct love for old architecture and the ocean. My Marriage My Choice – A University of Nottingham led study exploring the Forced Marriage of adults with learning disabilities. Among child victims, 44 per cent were forced to marry before the age of 15 years. The top 10 countries with the highest absolute numbers of Child Marriage  -  UNICEF(2017). All school staff should be aware that young people at risk are often strictly monitored by their parents. Halo Project –a national project that will support victims of HBV, FM and FGM. #SayTheWords: Supporting grieving children during the ... Covid-19: Increasing problems of poor pupil behaviour, Covid recovery: A broad curriculum for all, BotDetect CAPTCHA ASP.NET Form Validation. None of these are acceptable reasons to deny someone their right to choose a spouse. establish the contact details of the British Embassy or High Commission at destination and memorise the contact details and location. Therefore, victims who are willing to talk to the authorities may not necessarily want to be interviewed by a professional or have an interpreter present from their own community. Possible indicators that a child/young person or adult is at risk of/subject to forced marriage A forced marriage is different from an arranged marriage, where although a third party (usually the parents) introduces the two spouses, the choice of whether or not to go through with the marriage remains with the spouses. She was raped at gunpoint by her husband and beaten in front of her children. benefit books, cheque books, debit and credit cards. Forced Marriage Awareness Training. 67-68 Hatton Garden advise them not to travel overseas and discuss with them, whether there is any other option but to travel. The H-DASH Screening Questions have been  specifically designed for Honour Based Abuse and are available on the Dash Risk Model website. establish whether there is a history of forced marriage within the family. Amani was a year 7 pupil at a school in Bristol when her mum told her she would be going to Somalia to visit relatives. For example, we have heard victims tell us that a parent has threatened to kill themselves if they do not go through with a forced marriage. Victims under pressure from their families may present to school nurses with depression and self-harming behaviour such as anorexia, cutting, substance misuse or attempted suicide. These are available on our website or on YouTube and could be used as part of a lesson on forced marriage. Victims who have already been forced into marriage may have injuries consistent with rape or domestic violence and may ask about termination of a pregnancy. Refuge – A national charity for women experiencing domestic violence. National DV Helpline – A national service for women experiencing domestic violence. Perpetrators will go to great lengths to satisfy their ‘honour’ and professionals must be acutely aware of this when managing or meeting victims or potential victims of HBA and FM. A forced marriage almost always involves rape, usually repeated rape until the victim becomes pregnant. Copies should be deposited with police, Social Care, solicitor or a trusted 3. advise them to speak to a solicitor specialising in domestic abuse. The impact of Forced Marriage on the mental health of adults and young people cannot be underestimated, yet this area has received insufficient attention in government policy. You should … Emergency Protection Order. Some triggers that may prompt Forced Marriage: ‘Forced Marriage – why is the conviction rate so poor’, Abuse linked to Belief or Faith – What you can do, the victim or her family come from a community where Forced Marriage and ‘Honour’ is culturally embedded, an announcement of engagement to a stranger not previously mentioned, parents removing a child from education, preventing further education or extra-curricular activities, there may noticeable levels of absenteeism, lateness – school, college or employment, there may feel like an element of ‘surveillance’ and control by the family or community members, significant personality changes may become evident. Duress can include physical violence but also emotional abuse and psychological pressure. And while it's true that some of these marriages are forced on couples, that's not always the case. Often victims of forced marriage are subjected to violence to pressurise them into it, so you may … advise them to take a secret emergency kit – cash in sterling and in the local currency, a mobile phone with international credit, copies of identity documents/tickets, list of emergency contact numbers (victims should also memorise numbers). They may ask school nurses for vaccinations for an upcoming “family holiday” or about contraception. Her parents told her they would be travelling to Pakistan to visit her grandfather who was sick, but when she arrived Farzana discovered a marriage was planned for her. Different rules may apply to differing circumstance and factors include: Children – Where professionals are dealing with a victim who is a child, then legislation under the Children Act 1989 will offer options to safeguard the child e.g. What is a forced marriage? Fire Safety Training for the Responsible Person. Schools can also help raise awareness by displaying materials about forced marriage and honour-based violence around the school, including in community languages, and teaching about forced marriage as part of the PSHE curriculum. If these factors are present, the young person may be at risk of forced marriage and you should contact the FMU. advise them to contact the Forced Marriage Unit for advice. 17 Things That Are More Harmful Than Cheating. A forced marriage is a marriage where one or both people do not consent to the marriage and pressure or abuse is used. We handle cases of forced marriage in the UK and cases involving British nationals overseas, as well as developing government policy on forced marriage and running an outreach programme to raise awareness among potential victims. They may be monitored by siblings while at school. learn more . Don’t assume there is someone in the family that will protect the victim even if the victim has indicated there is such a person. As victims may not disclose forced marriage at first, school professionals need to be able to spot the signs that a victim may be at risk. Professionals need to be aware of the potential triggers of FM and the cultural background of the person they are trying to safeguard. Victim Care – Victims of Honour Based Abuse and Forced Marriage are entitled to an enhanced service under the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime. A young person knows whether they are entering into a marriage of their own free will, or whether they are being forced, and this is always our starting point. If these factors are present, the young person may be at risk of forced marriage and you should contact the FMU. Include other significant people in the victim’s life, what role do/did they play in the marriage and what potential risk do they pose to the victim? A combination of the following signs may indicate that a person is in a forced marriage, or at risk of being made to enter into a forced marriage: a sudden announcement that the person is engaged the person's older brothers or sisters stopped going to school or were married early There are resources available from the FMU for this work. Is the victim frightened of being forced into a marriage? Visit www.gov.uk/forced-marriage Further information Multi-agency Practice Guidelines: Handling cases of forced marriage: http://bit.ly/1aN1l1S For details on the FMU outreach programme for schools or to arrange a visit, email fmuoutreach@fco.gov.uk Freedom Charity: www.freedomcharity.org.uk. Forced and child marriage are significant, yet hidden, problems in the United States that impact women and girls […] At the government’s Forced Marriage Unit (FMU), we receive almost 1,500 phone calls a year relating to a possible or actual forced marriage. Victims under pressure from their families may present to school nurses with depression and self-harming behaviour such as anorexia, cutting, substance misuse or attempted suicide. If the victim requires an interpreter, never use family or friends as the victim may feel that they cannot speak freely in front of them. If a victim contacts the FMU, a trained case-worker will talk them through their options: to go through with the marriage, to leave the family and start a new life, or to obtain a Forced Marriage Protection Order (FMPO) for legal protection. If a victim does disclose that they have been forced into marriage or you believe they are at risk, you should contact the FMU immediately. They may not be allowed to consider going to university or getting a job after leaving school or college. They may be able to apply for indefinite leave to remain (ILR) on the basis of forced marriage or the marriage has broken down. 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